NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2023
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 1 – NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Abeona Therapeutics Inc. (together with the Company’s subsidiaries, “Abeona” or the “Company”), a Delaware corporation, is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing cell and gene therapies for life-threatening diseases. The Company’s lead clinical program is EB-101, an autologous, engineered cell therapy currently in development for recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (“RDEB”). The Company’s development portfolio also features adeno-associated virus (“AAV”)-based gene therapies designed to treat highly unmet, medically needed ophthalmic diseases using the novel AIM™ capsid platform that the Company has exclusively licensed from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and internal AAV vector research programs.
Basis of Presentation
The Company’s unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, except as otherwise disclosed, necessary for the fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations, and changes in financial position for such periods, have been made. These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statement results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full fiscal year or any future period. Certain information that is normally required by U.S. GAAP has been condensed or omitted in accordance with rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The December 31, 2022 condensed consolidated balance sheet was derived from the audited statements, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP.
Therefore, these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2022, which was filed with the SEC on April 10, 2023.
In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 205-40, Going Concern, the Company has evaluated whether there are conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements were issued.
As a biopharmaceutical organization, the Company has devoted substantially all of its resources since inception to research and development activities for EB-101 and other product candidates, business planning, raising capital, establishing its intellectual property portfolio, acquiring or discovering product candidates, and providing general and administrative support for these operations. As a result, the Company has incurred significant operating losses and negative cash flows from operations since its inception and anticipates such losses and negative cash flows will continue for the foreseeable future.
Since its inception, the Company has funded its operations primarily with proceeds from sales of shares of its stock. The Company has incurred recurring losses since its inception, including net losses of $11.8 million and $6.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and net losses of $37.6 million and $36.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. As of September 30, 2023, the Company had an accumulated deficit of approximately $732.9 million. To date the Company has not generated any significant revenues and expects to continue to generate operating losses for the foreseeable future. As of the issuance date of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company expects that its existing cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments of $54.1 million as of September 30, 2023, will be sufficient to fund its operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next 12 months from the issuance date of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
While the Company believes its capital resources are sufficient to fund the Company’s on-going operations for the next 12 months from the issuance date of these condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company’s liquidity could be materially affected over this period by: (1) its ability to raise additional capital through equity offerings, debt financings, or other non-dilutive third-party funding; (2) costs associated with new or existing strategic alliances, or licensing and collaboration arrangements; (3) negative regulatory events or unanticipated costs related to its EB-101; (4) any other unanticipated material negative events or costs. One or more of these events or costs could materially affect the Company’s liquidity. If the Company is unable to meet its obligations when they become due, the Company may have to delay expenditures, reduce the scope of its research and development programs, or make significant changes to its operating plan. The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. The Company’s significant estimates include, but are not limited to, fair value of warrant liabilities and stock-based compensation. Due to the uncertainty inherent in such estimates, actual results could differ from these estimates and assumptions.
Other receivables include employee retention credits (“ERC”), sublease rent receivables and other miscellaneous receivables. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had ERC receivables of $2.1 million and , respectively.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no new, anticipated or material changes to the significant accounting policies disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2022 other than those identified below.
Correction of Error
During the fourth quarter of 2022, the Company identified errors in the accounting for certain common stock warrants that were issued in 2021. The common stock warrants were not indexed to the Company’s own stock and therefore should have been classified as liabilities at their estimated fair value instead of additional paid-in capital. Although the errors were immaterial to prior periods, the 2021 financial statements were restated in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108, “Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements”, due to the significance of the out-of-period correction to the 2021 period. There was no impact to the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for 2021. The correction of the error resulted in the Company adjusting its quarterly information presented for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022. The matter was correctly presented in the fiscal year end December 31, 2022 consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s 2022 Annual Report on Form 10-K/A.
The following tables present the effects of the correction of the prior period error to the condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss (in thousands, except for per share data):
SCHEDULE OF EFFECTS OF THE RESTATEMENT TO AMOUNTS IN THE PREVIOUSLY REPORTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The following tables present the effects of the correction of the prior period error to the condensed consolidated statement of stockholders’ equity (in thousands):
The following tables present the effects of the correction of the prior period error to the condensed consolidated cash flow statement (in thousands):
The Company reviews its available-for-sale investments for credit losses on a collective basis by major security type and in line with the Company’s investment policy. As of September 30, 2023, the Company’s available-for-sale investments were in securities that are issued by the U.S. treasury and U.S. federal agencies, are highly rated, and have a history of zero credit losses. The Company reviews the credit quality of its accounts receivables by monitoring the aging of its accounts receivable, the history of write offs for uncollectible accounts, and the credit quality of its significant customers, the current economic environment/macroeconomic trends, supportable forecasts, and other relevant factors. The Company’s accounts receivable are with customers that do not have a history of uncollectibility nor a history of significantly aged accounts receivables. As of September 30, 2023, the Company did not recognize a credit loss allowance for its investments or accounts receivable.
Basic and diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock. The weighted average number of shares of common stock include the weighted average effect of outstanding pre-funded warrants for the purchase of shares of common stock for which the remaining unfunded exercise price is $0.0001 or less per share. The Company does not include the potential impact of dilutive securities in diluted net loss per share, as the impact of these items is anti-dilutive. Potential dilutive securities result from outstanding restricted stock, stock options, and stock purchase warrants.
The following table sets forth the potential securities that could potentially dilute basic loss per share in the future that were not included in the computation of diluted net loss per share because to do so would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented:
New Accounting Pronouncements
No new accounting pronouncements issued is expected to have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13 (Topic 326), Financial Instruments—Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which replaces the existing incurred loss impairment model with an expected credit loss model and requires a financial asset measured at amortized cost to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The new guidance was effective for the Company on January 1, 2023, and the adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for the organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure, and significant accounting policies of the reporting entity. May be provided in more than one note to the financial statements, as long as users are provided with an understanding of (1) the significant judgments and assumptions made by an enterprise in determining whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement with a VIE, (2) the nature of restrictions on a consolidated VIE's assets reported by an enterprise in its statement of financial position, including the carrying amounts of such assets, (3) the nature of, and changes in, the risks associated with an enterprise's involvement with the VIE, and (4) how an enterprise's involvement with the VIE affects the enterprise's financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Describes procedure if disclosures are provided in more than one note to the financial statements.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef